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2014 June UGC NET Solved Question Paper in Education, Paper II

2014 June UGC NET Solved Question Paper in Education, Paper II

01. Which of the following is not the purpose of educational philosophy ?
    (A) To professionalize the job of teaching
    (B) To increase the teachers love of and control over the students
    (C) To critically examine assumptions behind educational practice
    (D) To clarify values and aims in teaching.
02. The phrase “equal educational opportunities” in India means
    (A) equal opportunities for all children to have access to higher education.
    (B) equalities of educational opportunities for each child.
    (C) equality of the type of education available for each child.
    (D) equal opportunities to have the type of education for which one is suited.
03. To educate according to ‘nature’ means
    (A) to return to the natural as opposed to the artificial in life.
    (B) to educate according to the natural laws of human development
    (C) to study natural laws and apply them to the educational process
    (D) All the above are correct.
04. The teaching of Froebel grew out of his belief that
    (A) aim of education was self realization.
    (B) spiritual meaning lay behind all phenomena even play.
    (C) the method of education should be self-activity.
    (D) All the above answers are correct.
05. In the Dewey theory of how we think
    (A) the experimental method is used exclusively.
    (B) the logical method of inquiry is used exclusively.
    (C) the ideas produced by any method must be tested in experience.
    (D) none of the above.
06. From the angle of epistemology
    (A) the naturalist says truth must be obtained through objective rather than subjective means.
    (B) the idealist rejects dualism of man and nature by making man a part of nature.
    (C) the realist maintains that truth is arrived at through logical contemplation and revelation.
    (D) the pragmatist says man is a product of biological evolution.
07. Madhyama Pratipada is a cardinal principle of
    (A) Jainism
    (B) Buddhism
    (C) Vedanta Philosophy
    (D) Sankhya
08. Integral education is a concept given by
    (A) Aurobindo
    (B) J. Krishnamurthy
    (C) M.A. Kalam Azad
    (D) Annie Beasant
 09. The Jain epistemology considers a five stage hierarchy of knowledge. Which of the following
       is the proper order of different levels of knowledge ?
    (A) Mati, Shruti, Manahparyava, Avadhi, Kaivalya
    (B) Shruti, Mati, Avadhi, Manahparyava, Kaivalya
    (C) Mati, Shruti, Avadhi, Manahparyava, Kaivalya
    (D) Kaivalya, Avadhi, Manahparyava, Shruti, Mati
10. Match the following :
          List – I                   List – II
    a. Kaivalya              i. Panchkosh
    b. Jivan Mukti          ii. Buddhism
    c. Nirvana               iii. Jainism
    d. Anand                 iv. Vedanta
                                   v. Islamic traditions
    Codes :
            a   b   c   d
    (A)   ii   iii   i    v
    (B)   iii   v   ii   iv
    (C)   v   iii   ii   i
    (D)   iii  iv   ii    i
11. Pedagogy of the oppressed is authored by
    (A) Paulo Freire
    (B) Bertrand Russell
    (C) J. Krishnamurthy
    (D) John Dewey
12. Ivan Illich is renowned for
    (A) Life Long Learning
    (B) Life Skill Education
    (C) De Schooling Society
    (D) Distance Education
13. Culture is not
    (A) Constant flux
    (B) Cummulative
    (C) Primarily Materialistic
    (D) Uneven in development
14. Life skill education is needed
    (A) to adopt to one’s own culture
    (B) to enhance vocational efficiency
    (C) to promote cultural integration
    (D) to face the challenges in life effectively
15. Sanskritization is a process related with
    (A) Social Control
    (B) Social Stratification
    (C) Social Mobility
    (D) Social Change
16. Critically judge the following :
      Assertion (A) : Education promotes peace and harmony.
      Reason (R) : Democratic principles are practised in the classrooms.
    Codes :
    (A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
    (B) Both (A) and (R) are false.
    (C) Only (A) is true.
    (D) Only (R) is true.
17. Enculturation is the process of
    (A) adopting the values of significant to others.
    (B) imbibing one’s own culture in one’s personality.
    (C) integrating the culture and traditions.
    (D) accepting the customs and values of other cultures.
18. Critically judge the following :
     Assertion (A) : Education is the key that unlocks the door to modernization.
     Reason (R) : Development of technology facilitates interaction among people.
    Codes :
    (A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
    (B) Both (A) and (R) are false.
    (C) Only (A) is true but (R) is false.
    (D) Only (R) is true.
 19. Names of the scholars are given in List – I with the field of study in List – II. Match them by
       arranging in the correct order :
               List – I                                 List – II
    a. Margret Mead                         i. Cultural Lag
    b. William Ogburn                       ii. Culture and Adolescence
    c. Verrier Elwin                           iii. Sanskritization
    d. M.N. Srinivas                         iv. Tribalism
                                                      v. Religion
    Codes :
            a   b   c   d
    (A)   i   iv   iii   v
    (B)   ii   i    iv   iii
    (C)   iii  ii    i    iv
    (D)   iv  iii   i    v
20. Education as a sub-system of society helps
    (A) to cater to the needs of knowledge society.
    (B) to preserve the social customs and traditions.
    (C) to transform society through scientific and technological advances.
    (D) all of the above
21. Psychogy’s major contribution to education lies in
    (A) defining the goals for which teacher should strive.
    (B) identifying potentially successful methods and procedures for teaching.
    (C) providing scientific foundation for the art of teaching.
    (D) comparing the relative effectiveness of various teaching procedures.
22. The determinants of individual differences in human being relate to
    (A) differences in their environment only.
    (B) differences in their heredity only.
    (C) differences in their heredity and environment.
    (D) an interaction between factors of heredity and factors of environment.
23. Which of the following characteristics is not true of divergent thinking ?
    (A) Flexibility of ideas
    (B) Novelty of ideas
    (C) Correctness of ideas
    (D) Fluency of ideas
24. Research has constantly demonstrated that the best single index for readiness for a given
      academic task is
    (A) the IQ (Intelligence Quotient)
    (B) the AQ (Achievement Quotient)
    (C) the EQ (Emotional Quotient)
    (D) the MA (Mental Age)
25. Which of the following is the correct sequence of motivational set ?
    (A) Goal directed behaviour, attainment of goal, drive, satisfaction
    (B) Drive, goal directed behaviour, attainment of goal, satisfaction
    (C) Drive, satisfaction, attainment of goal, goal directed behaviour
    (D) None of the above.
26. The basic reason why meaningful material is learned rapidly is that
    (A) the learner is less likely to be bored
    (B) it is related to previous experience of the learner
    (C) it has continuity and meaning inherent in itself
    (D) it permits more effective transfer
27. Assertion (A) : Training obtained in one situation A can be transferred to another situation B.
      Reason (R) : It is because the two situation A and B are meaningful.
    Codes :
    (A) The Assertion (A) is true.
    (B) The Reason (R) is true.
    (C) Both the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true.
    (D) The Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is not true.
28. A problem child is one who has
    (A) an unsolved problem
    (B) a poor heredity
    (C) poor home environment
    (D) an over protective parent
29. Latent learning is a concept enunciated by
    (A) Hull                 (B) Piaget
    (C) Tolman            (D) Skinner
30. Punishment is a
    (A) Negative reinforcer
    (B) Positive reinforcer
    (C) Not a reinforcer at all
    (D) None of the above
31. Assertion (A) : Sometimes the school children becomes mischievous, explosive, rebellious or apathetic.
      Reason (R) : It is because of the inappropriateness of work assigned or demands made.
    Codes :
    (A) Only Assertion (A) is true.
    (B) Only the Reason (R) is true.
    (C) The Assertion (A) is true but the Reason (R) is false.
    (D) Both the Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true.
32. In the final analysis, the key to motivation in the classroom is
    (A) the interest inherent in the subject matter.
    (B) the teacher’s personality and his/her communication skills.
    (C) the emotional climate of the classroom.
    (D) the suitability of the curricular experiences.
33. What is Rorschach’s projective test designed to measure ?
    (A) Unconscious intentions
    (B) Dreams
    (C) Conscious desires
    (D) All of the above
34. The concept of ‘Arche type’ was given by
    (A) Freud                  (B) Arieti
    (C) Wallas                 (D) Jung
35. The theory of Level – I and Level – II intelligence was propounded by
    (A) Jenson               (B) Guilford
    (C) Cattel                (D) Eysenck
36. A non-government organization conducted a study in a Gram Panchayat to see the impacts of
      campaign approach on enrolment and retention of rural elementary school
      children. This is an example of
    (A) Descriptive Study
    (B) Field Experiment
    (C) Ex-post facto research
    (D) Historical Research
37. An experimenter administered a pretest on both experimental and control groups and found
      that the pre-test mean scores of the groups differ. Which of the following statistical
      techniques can address this difference in studying the impacts of independent variable ?
    (A) Analysis of variance
    (B) t-test
    (C) Regression analysis
    (D) Analysis of co-variance 
38. Sampling error can not be estimated when the researcher employs
    (A) Simple random sampling
    (B) Stratified random sampling
    (C) Systematic sampling
    (D) Quota sampling
39. Which of the following is not a non probability sampling technique ?
    (A) Snow-ball sampling
    (B) Stratified random sampling
    (C) Incidental sampling
    (D) Purposive sampling
40. Which of the following variables is discrete ?
    (A) Achievement
    (B) Intelligence
    (C) Aptitude
    (D) Attribute
41. Which of the following is a nonparametric test ?
    (A) t-test               (B) F-test
    (C) c2-test            (D) z-test
42. The range of coefficient of correlation between two variables is
    (A) 0 to +1
    (B) +1 to –1
    (C) 0 to –1
    (D) none of the above
43. The most stable measure of variability is
    (A) Range
    (B) Mean Deviation
    (C) Standard Deviation
    (D) Quartile Deviation
44. Which of the following falls under Inferential Statistics ?
    (A) Arithmetic Mean
    (B) Standard Deviation
    (C) Harmonic Mean
    (D) Analysis of Variance
45. Match the following :
           List – I                              List – II
    a. Experimental                       i. Criticism
    b. Historical                            ii. Control
    c. Case study                         iii. Interpretative
    d. Ethnography                       iv. Intensive
                                                  v. Intuitive
    Codes :
            a   b    c   d
    (A)   ii   iii   iv   v
    (B)   i    ii    v   iii
    (C)  iii   i     iv   v
    (D)  ii   i     iv   iii
46. Research conducted by classroom teacher to improve spelling among students in English
      language is categorized as
    (A) Pure Research
    (B) Qualitative Research
    (C) Quantitative Research
    (D) Active Research
47. For conducting research in group dynamics, which of the following techniques can be used ?
    (A) Anthropometry
    (B) Biometry
    (C) Geometry
    (D) Sociometry
48. A study of the causes and consequences of India’s freedom struggle movement falls under which
      of the following types of research ?
    (A) Ex-post facto research
    (B) Historical Research
    (C) Correlational Research
    (D) Phenomenological Research
49. Which of the following is a positional average ?
    (A) Mean
    (B) Median
    (C) Mode
    (D) None of the above
50. Test-retest is a method to determine
    (A) Validity                  (B) Reliability
    (C) Feasibility              (D) Objectivity
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